International Technology Transfer

Technology is a vital factor in economic development, and it spreads in different ways, one of which is as part of international trade and foreign direct investment, leading to an increasing economic interdependence between countries. There is evidence of the challenge posed to developing countries by the international transfer of technology, for example, in the negotiation and inclusion of contractual clauses that may be considered restrictive or anticompetitive.

In the area of international technology transfer, intellectual property is considered to have a vital role in providing incentives for the transfer not only between industrialized countries and developing economies but also between emerging economies. The main characteristic of intellectual property is that it excludes third parties from exploiting the subject matter of the rights. Competition law plays a decisive role in preventing abusive conduct since it regulates conduct that may affect the free market. Concerning the transfer of technology in cases where there are intellectual property rights, the right holder or licensor may establish conditions that are abusive or restrict the possibility of the licensee's adoption of the technology. Based on the above, the project aims to analyze the modalities of contracting and contractual clauses, as well as their interdisciplinary interpretation from sources such as intellectual property, competition, commercial law, or civil law.

The project examines the relevant technology transfer rules in selected countries of the region (Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, Peru, Uruguay and Venezuela) and their adopted approach to stimulate technology transfer processes, such as tax exemptions or transfer incentives among others. In particular, it analyses existing contractual clauses and rules on civil and commercial law and competition to examine the mechanisms proposed by the countries under study to promote technology transfer and restrict abusive conduct. Through this approach, the study seeks to learn about successful examples and offer an adaptable framework -to the country or technology sector- for the region



Latin American countries face social and economic challenges that demand specific and tailored approaches. In addition, they also have to deal with important global issues such as climate change. Amon ...


The instrument can be seen as a follow-up to the Patent Declaration of the Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition as it seeks to standardise a large part of its provisions. The Instrument ...


A compulsory licence (CL) is an authorisation granted by a government that allows third parties to produce a patented product or use a patented process without the consent of the patent holder, and wh ...