Collective Distinctive Signs

Origin-based production, including manufacturing, handicraft, and especially food production in Latin American countries is essential to their economies. In particular, to regional economies of small producers, craftspeople and family farmers, which not only produce for the sustenance of the rural population but also provide food for big cities and, in many cases, even export to international markets. Quality differentiation systems such as geographical indications, designations of origin, collective and certification marks, and quality seals, among others, can play a dual role, both for economic and social development of the region and for adding value to their productionswith the consequent impact on trade.

It is essential for those origin-based producers to achieve health and safety standards such as it is also important to improve the quality and sustainability of their productions. Within this framework, strengthening the quality differentiation systems, highlighting the importance of adding value to regional economies, enabling development, fostering rootedness and preserving culture and the knowledge of local populations is crucial.

Quality differentiation systems such as geographical indications, designations of origin, collective and certification marks and quality seals between other quality certification systems, can fulfil this function. The project proposes, through a comparative study of the differentiation systems in place in selected Latin American countries (Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, and Uruguay), to identify the needs of local production in Latin American countries with respect to quality differentiation systems, with particular emphasis on geographical indications


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